The vichy government - suspended on full pay



During a game against his old team, the Edmonton Oilers, Canadian ice hockey great Wayne Gretzky breaks Gordie Howe’s National Hockey League career scoring record of 1,850 dominated professional hockey during the 1980s, setting numerous records and leading the Oilers to four Stanley Cup victories. In 1988, the “Great...

The landing forces along the Algerian coast, however, ran into stiffer resistance. While the landings at Oran were successful, because of French resistance and the greenness of . troops they soon fell behind schedule. The fact that the French had no air support spared the Americans to some extent. By the evening of November 8 the 1st Infantry Division had achieved its objectives except in the area of St. Cloud, where French resistance was stubborn. As he would do in Normandy, Brig. Gen. Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., son of the former president, proved to be an inspiring and effective combat leader. Nevertheless, a rising surf began to interfere with landing operations over the course of the day. That evening Allied naval commanders had to suspend landing operations across the beaches. On the second day, the French prepared to launch a counterattack, but Allied air attacks and naval gunfire stopped them dead in their tracks. Despite considerable resistance from the French, American forces were in a position to attack and overwhelm Oran’s defenses on November 10, when the armistice between the opposing sides came into effect.

World War I was the first to make major use of machine guns, which soon showed their defensive qualities. It was also the first to see poison gas used on the battlefields, a weapon which both sides made use of, and the first to see tanks , which were initially developed by the allies and later used to great success. The use of aircraft evolved from simply reconnaissance to a whole new formed of aerial warfare.

Vichy soldiers and sailors were motivated by a profound sense of defeat and a complex about proving their own fighting mettle. “You thought we were yellow, didn’t you?” a captured French sergeant in Syria told the war correspondent Alan Moorehead. “You thought we couldn’t fight in France.” Not only did they think that Britain would lose the war and that Vichy France would only remain unoccupied if it remained neutral, they also regarded de Gaulle as a renegade and a traitor. Although de Gaulle wanted his Free French troops to be at the forefront of these campaigns, the troops themselves were often reluctant to fire on their Vichy counterparts unless they were of different racial origin.

‘Orange Disorder’, meanwhile, is a three-minute caustic diatribe which indicts the whole of Northern Ireland on the charges of parochialism, underachievement, intransigence, and the veneration of murderers and terrorists.



History Notes Romans bathed at Vichy, using the springs we know now as Chomel, Lucas et Hôpital.
For most of the years after the Romans, the waters weren't taken advantage of. In fact, Vichy's main economic activity become pottery, shipped out on the river.

Interest in the waters didn't start to pick up again until 1630, when Louis 13th built there the "Maison du Roy." The building was quite small, and could only handle a few bathers at a time, but the exterior of the building had faucets for the water to be drunk.

In 1636, a Claude Mareschal published the first scientific work analysing Vichy water, "Physiologie des eaux de Vichy en Bourbonnais."

By the mid-1600s, Vichy was famous with the European elite for its waters and spas.

Madame de Sévigné spent the winter of 1676 to 1677 there, hoping to cure the rheumatism in her hand. She didn't like the taste of the water, describing it as being "d’un goût de salpêtre fort désagréable."

In 1716, a regulation was passed that 1 sous for every bottle sent out of Vichy had to be donated to the hospital in Vichy. This was in effect until 1939.
In 1753, Louis XV had bottled Vichy water sent to him at Versailles.

After the French surrendered at the very start of World War Two, Vichy was made the capital of "unoccupied" France, though the government installed there headed by French Marshal Philippe Pétain existed at the pleasure of the Nazis. It came to represent collaboration and treason with the Germans. In the movie Casablanca, the policeman played by Claude Rains tosses a bottle of Vichy Water into the garbage, indicating his rejection of cooperation with the Germans.

Alfred Hitchcock also used a bottle of Vichy water in his 1944 war-time film, Aventure Malgache. In the movie, when a Vichy official in Madagascar learns that the British are landing, he puts a picture of Queen Victoria on the wall - and hides his bottle of Vichy water.
Literature & Lore "Remember Vichy Celestins, that naturally alkaline carbonated water from France? It's back on the grocery shelves, imported by Cresca... Vichy Celestine has long been known to the medical profession and has been prescribed by thousands of doctors in all parts of the world. It contains sodium bicarbonate and insignificant amounts of other chemical constituents commonly found in ground waters. Before the war more than forty million bottles of this water were sold annually." -- Paddleford, Clementine (1898 - 1967). Food Flashes Column. Gourmet Magazine. October 1946. Language Notes The Romans knew of the springs there; they called the town of Vichy "Vicus Calidus" ("vicus" meaning "village" and "calidus" meaning "warm".) They also called it "Aquae calidae" ("warm waters".)
Many think that the name "Vichy" came from that Roman word, "Vicus."

There are at least three other theories as to where the name "Vichy" might have come from:

Les eaux de Vichy. Retrieved March 2007 from http://-/eaux/
Sources de Vichy et des environs. Retrieved March 2007 from http://-/thermal/?rub=thermalisme See also: Vichy Carrots Recipe Water Artesian Well Water ; Boiled Water ; Bottled Water ; Carbonated Water ; Distilled Water ; Ground Water ; Ice ; Mineral Water ; Perrier Water ; Rolling Boil ; Soda Water ; Spring Water ; Sterilized Water ; Still Water ; Tonic Water ; Vichy Water ; Water ; Well Water Print Page Please share this information with your friends. They may love it.

The 50,000-strong Vichy French Army took defensive positions around Toulon, but when confronted by German demands to disband, it did so, lacking the military capability to resist the Axis forces.

The government of France after Germany defeated and occupied it at the beginning of World War II ( see fall of France); Vichy, the capital, is a small city in central France. The Vichy government was essentially a puppet of the Germans.


The Vichy Government - Suspended On Full PayThe Vichy Government - Suspended On Full PayThe Vichy Government - Suspended On Full PayThe Vichy Government - Suspended On Full Pay

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